原文来源：Harvard Business Review
原文题目：Companies in Happy Cities Invest More for the Long Term
Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggest that happiness might influence 1 firms work, too.
Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper. 2 , firms in happy places spend more on R&D (research and development). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking 3 for making investments for the future.
The researchers wanted to know if the 4 and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would 5 the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness 6 by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.
7 enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were 8 . But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities 9 why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various 10 that might make firms more likely to invest —like size, industry, and sales—and for indicators that a place was 11 to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally 12 even after accounting for these things.
The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors 13 to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less 14 managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was 15 stronger in places where happiness was spread more 16 . Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality.
17 this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least 18 at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help 19 how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and 20 R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.
1. A. why B. where C. how D. when
2. A. In return B. In particular C. In contrast D. In conclusion
3. A. sufficient B. famous C. perfect D. necessary
4. A. individualism B. modernism C. optimism D. realism
5. A. echo B. miss C. spoil D. change
6. A. imagined B. measured C. invented D. assumed
7. A. sure B. odd C. unfortunate D. often
8. A. advertised B. divided C. overtaxed D. headquartered
9. A. explain B. overstate C. summarize D. emphasize
10. A. stages B. factors C. levels D. methods
11. A. desirable B. sociable C. reputable D. reliable
12. A. resumed B. held C. emerged D. broke
13. A. attribute B. assign C. transfer D. compare
14. A. serious B. civilized C. ambitious D. experienced
15. A. thus B. instead C. also D. never
16. A. rapidly B. regularly C. directly D. equally
17. A. After B. Until C. While D. Since
18. A. arrives B. jumps C. hints D. strikes
19. A. shape B. rediscover C. simplify D. share
20. A. pray for B. lean towards C. give away D. send act
1-5 CBDCD 6-10 BADAB 11-15 ACADA 16-20 DCCAB
原文题目：The Economic Importance of Teaching Coding to Teens
It’s true that high-school coding classes aren’t essential for learning computer science in college. Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon’s School of Computer Science.
However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial. When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it’s not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers—but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses. It’s not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students. Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal. Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said.
Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or -determined students away.
The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that’s become popular for adults looking for a career change. The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but “we try to gear lessons toward things they’re interested in,” said Victoria Friedman, an instructor. For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood.
The students in the Flatiron class probably won’t drop out of high school and build the next Facebook. Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the “Ruby on Rails” language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market. But the skills they learn —how to think logically through a problem and organize the results—apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.
Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all. But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes. These kids are going to be surrounded by computers-in their pockets ,in their offices, in their homes—for the rest of their lives, The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want—the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that—the better.
21. Cortina holds that early exposure to computer science makes it easier to _______.
A. complete future job training
B. remodel the way of thinking
C. formulate logical hypotheses
D. perfect artwork production
22. In delivering lessons for high-schoolers, Flatiron has considered their________.
C. career prospects
D. academic backgrounds
23. Deborah Seehorn believes that the skills learned at Flatiron will ________.
A. help students learn other computer languages
B. have to be upgraded when new technologies come
C. need improving when students look for jobs
D. enable students to make big quick money
24. According to the last paragraph, Flatiron students are expected to ______.
A. bring forth innovative computer technologies
B. stay longer in the information technology industry
C. become better prepared for the digitalized world
D. compete with a future army of programmers
25.The word “coax”(Line4,Para.6) is closest in meaning to ________.
26. The major reason for listing the lesser prairie as threatened is____.
A. its drastically decreased population
B. the underestimate of the grassland acreage
C. a desperate appeal from some biologists
D. the insistence of private landowners
27. The “threatened” tag disappointed some environmentalists in that it_____.
A. was a give-in to governmental pressure
B. would involve fewer agencies in action
C. granted less federal regulatory power
D. went against conservation policies
28. It can be learned from Paragraph3 that unintentional harm-doers will not be prosecuted if they_____.
A. agree to pay a sum for compensation
B. volunteer to set up an equally big habitat
C. offer to support the WAFWA monitoring job
D. promise to raise funds for USFWS operations
29. According to Ashe, the leading role in managing the species in______.
A. the federal government
B. the wildlife agencies
C. the landowners
D. the states
30. Jay Lininger would most likely support_______.
A. industry groups
B. the win-win rhetoric
C. environmental groups
D. the plan under challenge
原文题目：How to find time to read
31. The usual time-management techniques don’t work because .
A. what they can offer does not ease the modern mind
B. what challenging books demand is repetitive reading
C. what people often forget is carrying a book with them
D. what deep reading requires cannot be guaranteed
32. The “empty bottles” metaphor illustrates that people feel a pressure to .
A. update their to-do lists
B. make passing time fulfilling
C. carry their plans through
D. pursue carefree reading
33. Eberle would agree that scheduling regular times for reading helps .
A. encourage the efficiency mind-set
B. develop online reading habits
C. promote ritualistic reading
D. achieve immersive reading
34. “Carry a book with you at all times” can work if .
A. reading becomes your primary business of the day
B. all the daily business has been promptly dealt with
C. you are able to drop back to business after reading
D. time can be evenly split for reading and business
35. The best title for this text could be .
A. How to Enjoy Easy Reading
B. How to Find Time to Read
C. How to Set Reading Goals
D. How to Read Extensively
原文题目：Even Baby Boomers Think It's Harder to Get Started Than It Used to Be
36. One cross-generation mark of a successful life is .
A. trying out different lifestyles
B. having a family with children
C. working beyond retirement age
D. setting up a profitable business
37. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that young people tend to .
A. favor a slower life pace
B. hold an occupation longer
C. attach importance to pre-marital finance
D. give priority to childcare outside the home
38. The priorities and expectations defined by the young will .
A. become increasingly clear
B. focus on materialistic issues
C. depend largely on political preferences
D. reach almost all aspects of American life
39. Both young and old agree that .
A. good-paying jobs are less available
B. the old made more life achievements
C. housing loans today are easy to obtain
D. getting established is harder for the young
40. Which of the following is true about Schneider?
A. He found a dream job after graduating from college.
B. His parents believe working steadily is a must for success.
C. His parents’ good life has little to do with a college degree.
D. He thinks his job as a technician quite challenging.
原文题目：Act your shoe size, not your age
A. Be silly
B. Have fun
C. Ask for help
D. Express your emotions.
E. Don’t overthink it
F. Be easily pleased
G. Notice things
Act Your Shoe Size, Not Your Age.
As adults, it seems that we’re constantly pursuing happiness, often with mixed results. Yet children appear to have it down to an art-and for the most part they don’t need self-help books or therapy. Instead, they look after their wellbeing instinctively and usually more effectively than we do as grownups. Perhaps it’s time to learn a few lessons from them.
41__ Express your emotions ___.
What does a child do when he’s sad? He cries. When he’s angry? He shouts. Scared? Probably a bit of both. As we grow up, we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don’t dictate our behaviours, which is in many ways a good thing. But too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions, especially negative ones. That’s about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill. What we feel appropriately and then-again, like children-move on.
42___ Be easily pleased ______.
A couple of Christmases ago, my youngest stepdaughter, who was 9 years old at the time, got a Superman T-shirt for Christmas. It cost less than a fiver but she was overjoyed, and couldn’t bigger house or better car will be the magic silver bullet that will allow us to finally be content, but the reality is these things have little lasting impact on our happiness levels. Instead, being grateful for small things every day is a much better way to improve wellbeing.
43___ Be silly _______.
Have you ever noticed how much children laugh? If we adults could indulge in a bit of silliness and giggling, we would reduce the stress hormones in our bodies, increase good hormones like endorphins, improve blood flow to our hearts and ever have a greater chance of fighting off infection. All of which would, of course, have a positive effect on our happiness levels.
44___ Have fun _______.
The problem with being a grownup is that there’s an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with-work, mortgage payments, figuring out what to cook for dinner. But as adults we also have the luxury of being able to control our own diaries and it’s important that we schedule in time to enjoy the thing we love. Those things might be social, sporting, creative or completely random (dancing around the living room, anyone?)-it doesn’t matter, so long as they’re enjoyable, and not likely to have negative side effects, such as drinking too much alcohol or going on a wild spending spree if you’re on a tight budget.
45____ Don’t overthink it ______.
Having said all of the above, it’s important to add that we shouldn’t try too hard to be happy. Scientists tell us this can back fire and actually have a negative impact on our wellbeing. As the Chinese philosopher Chuang Tzu is reported to have said: “Happiness is the absence of striving for happiness.” And in that, once more, we need to look to the example of our children, to whom happiness is not a goal but a natural byproduct of the way they live.
Translate the following text into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
The supermarket is designed to lure customers into spending as much time as possible within its doors. The reason for this is simple: The longer you stay in the store, the more stuff you’ll see, and the more stuff you see, the more you’ll buy. And supermarkets contain a lot of stuff. The average supermarket, according to the Food Marketing Institute, carries some 44,000 different items, and many carry tens of thousands more. The sheer volume of available choice is enough to send shoppers into a state of information overload. According to brain-scan experiments, the demands of so much decision-making quickly become too much for us. After about 40 minutes of shopping, most people stop struggling to be rationally selective, and instead began shopping emotionally—which is the point at which we accumulate the 50 percent of stuff in our cart that we never intended buying.
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Thank you very much for your congratulations and I am more than happy to give you some advice on how to be good at translation. My winning the contest is not just a piece of luck, it is but a long time of hard-working with some useful learning strategies. With regard to hard-working, I won’t elaborate too much on it except that one hour a day is the lowest requirement for entry into the translation world. As for the learning strategies, I would like to advise you to do two most important things. The first is that you should read books or articles in the target-language as much as possible, I would recommend, the articles in our well-known websites. The second is that doing part-time jobs as translator or writer. This will help you a lot in getting the practical knowledge you need in translation.
Well, it does require a lot to be a good translator. And I am quite happy to discuss that with you.
There are five items in this percentage chart, which are respectively appreciating scenery, relieving pressure, making new friends, nurturing independence, and the others according to priority.
From this chart, we can see it looks most likely a survey of the benefits from the tour. With the economic growth, the tour becomes increasingly fashionable and common. More and more people choose tour as a recreational way between works. Therefore,we are confronted with the question that what benefits we can get from a tour. For me, the most appealing parts of a tour are appreciating the special scenery and customs of that place and nurturing my ability to be independent. I would rather choose a place with splendid landscape or profound cultural deposits than a heated scenic spots. And to cultivate my ability to search for information and my execution to a plan, I would choose to go to a strange place all by myself.
There are the other benefits from a tour as well as what has been mentioned above. However all these benefits have one thing in common, that is, they can make us happier and more open-minded.